By Colin G. Calloway
The 1676 killing of Metacomet, the tribal chief dubbed "King Philip" via colonists, is usually visible as a watershed occasion, marking the top of a bloody struggle, dissolution of Indian society in New England, or even the disappearance of local peoples from the area. This assortment demanding situations that assumption, displaying that Indians tailored and survived, latest quietly at the fringes of yank society, much less obvious than prior to yet still keeping a different id and background. whereas confinement on tiny reservations, subjection to expanding nation legislation, enforced abandonment of conventional gown and technique of help, and racist regulations did reason dramatic alterations, Natives still controlled to keep up their Indianness via customs, kinship, and group.
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Additional resources for After King Philip's War: presence and persistence in Indian New England
Traders would sell Indian people liquor, encourage them to run up debts, then take them to court for nonpayment of the debts. 32 Disease continued to ravage Indian communities and break Indian hearts. 33 The Indian population on Nantucketonce described as an island "full of Indians"was halved between 1600 and 1670 and Page 6 then fell by another 90 percent or so over the next century; an outbreak of yellow fever in 1763 scythed the population from 358 to 136. 34 Just before Christmas 1770, John Shattock, a Narragansett, died of consumption, the eighteenth-century term for tuberculosis.
In this new essay, O'Connell considers Apess the writer as self-consciously an historian seeking to create the grounds for a more inclusive history of New England and ultimately of the United States, and considers Apess's life as itself a crucial piece of historical data for beginning to write the as yet mostly unwritten history of Native Americans in New England. In addition, O'Connell takes up a body of concepts and terms that present problems even in the hands of scholars endeavoring to do justice to the ongoing historical presence of Native people, an issue also addressed by Thomas Doughton.
They find that many of the Indians had ties to the Deerfield region and even to the colonists they raided, and that all had compelling motives for participating in the infamous attack. They also demonstrate the connections that existed between different Indian communities in northern New England and Quebec in the wake of the diaspora of Indian peoples following King Philip's War. That diaspora produced refugee communities in Catholic mission villages on the banks of the St. Lawrence and provided sources of manpower for raids like the one against Deerfield.