Download . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty by Oskar Hippe PDF

By Oskar Hippe

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Originally released as '... und unsere Fahn' ist rot' via Junius Verlag GmbH, Hamburg, 1979

Review by way of Martin Empson wrote:

The lifetime of Oskar Hippe is an interesting one for Marxists and progressive socialists at the present time. As a tender employee in German in the course of global battle One, he grew to become a socialist, turning into curious about anti-war protests as early as 1916. Later he may sign up for the Spartakist League, the corporation setup by means of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, yet now not being dependent in Berlin for a lot of the interval, following his conscription within the latter phases of the conflict, he neglected a number of the key debates and battles of the early German Revolution. still his eyewitness debts are unique,

On the eve of one could 1916, my brother-in-law informed me that we might no longer started working day after today, because the staff might all be becoming a member of an anti-war demonstration at the Potsdamer Platz. We went there on the unique time. 10000 employees had collected within the sq., and Karl Liebknecht spoke to them from the platform of the Potsdam neighborhood station. i don't know the way lengthy Liebknecht were conversing while the police arrived. they can no longer do whatever initially; the gang avoided them from getting as much as the platform. increasingly more detachments have been despatched in, together with fixed police who rode into the gang with huge, immense brutality. For a time, the demonstrators post resistance, and lots of policemen have been knocked off their horses.

Along along with his unit, Oskar Hippe successfully mutinied and went domestic have been he grew to become centrally concerned about the progressive hobbies in his domestic quarter of Halle. The ebook describes the size of the revolution and the impression of the deaths of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, in addition to the fast emergence of the counter-revolutionary troops of the Freikorps.

As the Twenties constructed, Hippe turned a tremendous activist within the German Communist get together (KPD). He used to be frequently special through the perfect and the specialists. often blacklisted for alternate union job, the interval turns into ruled through the struggles in the Russian employer. Hippe describes the failure of the 1923 stream whilst revolution was once possibly at the playing cards, however the green Communist celebration sounded the retreat on orders from Moscow. From then on his narrative turns into more and more formed via the conflict with the Stalinist wing of the KPD.

The post-revolutionary interval is usually marked via the expansion of the fascist flow. something that struck me analyzing the autobiography used to be that violence, or the specter of violence, used to be a regular fact for socialists. The socialists replied by means of arming themselves and being ready to struggle again, however it is remarkable that this violence used to be a great deal approximately protecting and retaining the business enterprise, it's activists and permitting their deliberate job to proceed. This wasn't struggling with for the sake of combating, yet within the pursuits of creating socialist service provider. on the finish of the Twenties Hippe breaks with the Stalinist KPD, and with many others works to construct a brand new "Trotskyist" celebration. For a few readers this can look like part of the booklet ruled by means of arguments one of the left, yet Hippe explains that this was once approximately attempting to retain the progressive culture alive in a interval the place the increase of fascism is a true prospect, yet with a major and strong German operating classification nonetheless unbroken.

With Hitler's victory, Hippe's workforce is compelled underground and finally he's imprisoned, serving decades of brutality and violence. ultimately he's let loose and works at the northern coast of Germany, attempting to make a number of contacts with staff and discussing politics with captured prisoners of battle. Hippe and his comrades bravery is exceptional during this interval of inauspicious, harmful underground paintings. this can be no guide for this task, yet you get a feeling of the risks and problems, in addition to the frustrations. curiously Hippe and his comrades believed that Fascism couldn't be over-thrown through German employees, who have been now to susceptible, yet will be over-thrown through defeat in a global warfare. It was once a correct, if pessimistic outlook.

Hippe then confronted renewed persecution below the Stalinists. preliminary hopes new mass socialist service provider may be equipped after the tip of the battle bring about an extra interval of splits, inner arguments and at last underground paintings. Hippe as soon as spent years imprisoned for being a "Trotskyist counter-revolutionary", and needed to watch as others, together with collaborators with the Nazi regime grew to become senior figures within the East Germany state.

At the tip of the e-book, Hippe's desire for the progressive over-throw of capitalism stay undiminished. It leads to 1979, even though Hippe lived lengthy adequate to determine the autumn of the Berlin Wall. Hippe used to be an activist in the course of the Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies, observed the delivery of a brand new stream and the emergence of a brand new left. all through he remained dependable to the relevant tenets of Marxism, and the information of Lenin and Trotsky, believing that the overthrow of capitalism needed to be the act of the total operating class.

For these attracted to the historical past of the left, in addition to the German Revolution and the overseas Communist circulate it is a attention-grabbing booklet, might be marred via what feels like a clunky translation. Hippe's account could be distinctive and its worthy searching for this publication.

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Extra resources for . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement

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The newly arrived 23rd Armoured Brigade contained about 150 tanks in mid-July, mostly Valentines along with some Matildas. Both Panzer Regiment 5 and 8 only had six PzKpfw II, 33 PzKpfw III (six of which were 'special') and three PzKpfw IV (two of which were 'special'). Eighth Army HQ ordered an assault against the ridges of Deir el Shein, Deir el Abyad and El Mreir for 21 July with the aim of breaking through the DAK defence lines. The assault started by nightfall after a strong artillery bombardment.

Though often regarded as a kind of 'warriors' nightmare', logistics played a major role in the Western Desert, where everything had to be brought in across the sea and then straight to the front line. Panzer Division's experience during the last German offensive that eventually stopped at Alam Haifa. Problems had already been encountered while crossing the minefields, which were deeper than expected. Also, while trying to reach their objectives, units ran into a sandstorm that slowed down the pace of the advance and increased fuel consumption.

Schutzen Brigade with the bulk of Regiments Stab zbV 200) and Aufklarungs Abteilung 3 advanced throughout the Djabel Achdar toward Maraua. At this point Ritchie ordered a general withdraw of Eighth Army and British troops abandoned western Cyrenaica, falling back to the Gazala-Bir Hacheim line. By 3 February the two advancing German columns, now moving almost together, were beyond Derna. Three days later Rommel's second drive into Cyrenaica halted at the Gazala Line, putting an end to another successful use of fast-moving columns.

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